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Camp Water

Camp water is close to home. Here you will find information on stuff happening here in the shop and on our local waters. You'll also find our weekly newsletter feature, Trailer Trash Thursday, a fun collection of fly fishing videos, perfect for a midweek distraction. If you don't get the newsletter, be sure to sign up today!

Is a Salmon a Salmon?

Joel La Follette - Wednesday, October 18, 2017

 "The Prize Fish the Columbia Spring Silver Side.

Other Varieties in the Waters of Puget Sound.

AN INTERESTING PAPER FROM SIR JAMES G. SWAN.

The most important fish taken in "Washington Territory, both as to quantity and extensive use made of it by the natives and settlers for food, as well as for the valuable branch of business of export purposes in the salmon, of which including the trout, there are sixteen varieties as enumerated by Cooper and Suckley in their reports on the zoology of the territory, and by Girard, St. John Kichardson and other authorities, who have written upon the ichthyology of the northwestern coast. 

Dr. Suckley, with an originality quite commendable in him, has adopted indian names for new varieties which are more readily understood by the people ot the territory than the unpronounceable Greek and Latin names commonly used in scientific descriptions, and his names have been adopted by all subsequent writers.

The finest salmon taken on the Pacific coast are the spring silver salmon ol the Columbia river, of which the choicest are taken near the mouth of that river, and are known as Chinook salmon, from the fact that the early fisheries were principally located at that point. 

This salmon is named ( salmoquinnat) an evident corruption of the name of a delicious variety, found in the Quin-nai-ult river, near point Grenville. north of Grays Harbor. The salmon quinnat entered the Columbia river in May and June, and generally abundant when the salmonberry (rubus spectablis) is ripe, say about the 10th of June. 

The spring salmon of the Columbia reach a great size, fifty pounds being not an unusual weight for them to attain. Some even reaching to seventy-five pounds. They are excessively fat when they first enter the river, but after ascending to the upper waters, they become thin and lose their finest flavor. They are in their best condition when they first come in from the ocean.

The most delicious variety I have tasted in the territory are taken in the Quinnaiult river.and are known as quinnaiult salmon in distinction from any other variety. They rarely attain ten pounds weight, but they are very fat and of the most delicate flavor imaginable. 

The names and varieties of salmon and salmon-trout in Washington territory, as given by Dr.George Suckley, as given in his zoological report to Gov. Stevens areas follows:

1. Salmo Quinnat, Spring Silver salmon, May and June'.

2. Salmo Quinnaiult, April and May.

3. Salmo pancidens, weak tooth salmon, May and June.

4. Salmo Tsuppitch, while salmon, September.

5. Salmo Truncutus, silvery winter salmon, or squaretailed salmon, mid-winter.

6. Salmo Gairdinori, spring salmon, May and June.

7. Salmo Confluentus, Nisqually salmon June.

8. Salmo Sconlin, hook nose salmon, September and October.

9. Salmo Pro ens, bump back salmon, September and October in alternate years.

10. Salmo Canis, dog salmon, or spotted salmon, October and November. 

11. Salmo Gibsii, black-spottedsalmon-trout, May.

12. Salmo Spectablis, red spotted salmon-trout Mid Summer and Autumn.

13. Salmon (Fario) Aurora, orange spotted trout.

14. Salmo Clarkii, brook trout or Clark's salmon.

There are several other varieties of trout, but, as yet they have not been properly defined, and in some instances are known to be the young of other fish.Young salmon called by the English grilse, or yearlings, are often taken on the waters of Puget Sound and called trout by inexperienced persons, and of the trout proper, there is but little doubt that the young of some species have been classed as new varieties,from being different marked than the adults. As an almost invariable rule, the best varieties of salmon frequent the large rivers, while the inferior kinds, like the hook nose and dog salmon frequent the smaller streams. Those two last named varieties enter the rivers of Puget Sound in immense numbers in the fall, particularly the dog salmon or spotted salmon, which run up the smallest streams, in vast shoals, even running out of the water upon the shores in their blind eagerness to surmount impossibilities and reach headwaters of the stream to deposit their spawn.I t i not my intention at the present time, nor will the limits of a newspaper article give space to a description of all these varieties and the rivers they frequent, but I would suggest to those engaged in the business of canning, and particularly those person who think that "a salmon is a salmon," to examine into this matter and they will find descriptions of all varieties in the zoological works of Suckley and Cooper, and in part 2 of vol. 12 Pacific railroad reports. There is quite as much difference in the quality of our salmon as between the fat eulachon and the dry smelt, or between extra number one mackerel and "tinkers," and those establishments who pay the most attention to to the selection of the best varieties will find the market demand will give them the preference. 

A River Between Us

Joel La Follette - Thursday, September 10, 2015
What is A River Between Us?
It is a documentary film that brings to light a bitter, century-old, sociopolitical battle over water rights and the historic coalition that rose to end it, driving the largest conservation project in American history.

Why was the film made?
A River Between Us is a cinematic call to action on behalf of the largest restoration project in American history, with an endgame of provoking the White House into taking part in it. And it was created to draw attention to a fragile and precious region of the United States, which has provided a home and livelihood to generations of farmers, fishermen and Native Tribes.

Who is responsible for the film?
A River Between Us was produced by former Oregon State Senator and one-time gubernatorial candidate Jason A. Atkinson in partnership award-winning documentary filmmaker Jeff Martin (Lord, Save Us from Your Followers).

What is the backstory of the film?
Focused on the Klamath River Basin, which is comprised of nearly 16,000 square miles east of the Cascade Range stretching from southern Oregon well into northern California, A River Between Us captures the end of nearly a century of “water wars” in the region, wherein farmers, Native Tribes, local and regional industry, and environmental activists have been pitted against each other for rights to the Klamath River, the longest river in the United States.  

Since the first dam was built on the Klamath in 1918, the river and its surrounding communities have been embroiled in political struggles for water use, with PacifiCorp’s four dams at the center of the matter. In addition to the sociopolitical damage caused by their presence, the dams are responsible for an overall scarcity of water, florescent green algae beds, dying fish, birds, cattle and crops, and vast destruction of life and livelihoods—a situation entirely caused by the actions of humans. The dams provide no water for irrigation, and only one produces any significant energy.

How was the film made?
Atkinson and Martin shot the film over two years along the entire Klamath River, conducting 70 individual interviews throughout Oregon and California with farmers, who need the Klamath’s water for irrigation; Pacific Power, who manages the dams; the Klamath Basin Rangeland Trust, who problem-solve for water use; historic and modern fishermen; members of the Native Tribes who have lived and worked along the Klamath for centuries; federal, state and local politicians; and environmental advocates.

What results have the film produced already?
The coalition that comes together over the course of the film is made up of 42 different – many historically adversarial – organizations. But as the disparate groups put aside their differences to sign a landmark agreement of compromise, the collective movement began an entirely new approach to conservation, one that views community as a crucial part of the natural habitat, where people are an extension of the river, rather than its controlling interest. Pacific Power has agreed to remove the dams.



A River Between Us Trailer 10 23 14 from It Matters on Vimeo.


What can you do?
The film will be released Oct 13th, 2015, on all digital platforms. Share this page on your social media accounts. Help spread the word about this monumental project. You can change the world with a few simple clicks of your mouse.  Thanks!

ODFW announces regulations to protect fish

Joel La Follette - Wednesday, July 22, 2015

Last Thursday, shortly after the newsletter hit your inbox, the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife saw fit to issue a press release regarding new regulations put in place to protect fish during this unusually hot water situation we are currently experiencing. A curtailment of angling after 2:00PM on most Oregon steams went into effect on Saturday, July 18th.  This regulation still provides for angling in the early hours of the day, while protecting fish during the afternoon when temperatures climb. In the weeks leading up to this announcement I had tried to inform my readers about the issue and called for better understanding of the stresses put on salmonids during warm water events.  

ODFW did well in calling for sweeping changes to fishing hours to protect native fish in some of our most at-risk waters. This move is needed and overdue. The only problem with this press release was how it was interpreted by the press. Perhaps the news  didn't have the ratings grabbing bite needed to pull viewers away from footage of freshly minted baby otters at a zoo in Ottawa. Whatever. Before you could say "news at eleven" words like "most" had morphed into "all" and we were thrust into the middle of a fly fishing zombie apocalypse. 

Damage control failed to get any response from local press so informed guides, shop owners and anglers took to social media to squelch the rumors. Those level headed individuals actually read the press release beyond the first two paragraphs and understood the issue. Word is slowly spreading across the land and fewer freaked out fly fishers are rolling into the shop. Let me clarify a just few things that seem to be too complicated for the mainstream press. 

Most of the Deschutes River remains open to angling without any additional time restrictions. The 2:00PM closure effects the last 23.5 miles of the river from Macks Canyon to the mouth. Water temperatures in this section have improved slightly, but still warrant caution from anglers when fishing these waters. If temperatures continue to drop with cool water releases from Pelton Dam combined with more favorable weather, we may see that restriction lifted. It is advisable to still carry a thermometer and curtail fishing when temps exceed 65.  All of the river upstream of Macks Canyon (75+ miles) remains open for normal angling hours. Water temps currently range between 53-62 depending on location and weather. 

The Metolius, Fall and Crooked rivers remain open for regular angling hours. 

The North Umpqua does fall under these new regulations and closes for angling at 2:00PM until one hour before sunrise

All angling for carp, bass, shad, catfish, perch, bullheads, suckers and other non-salmonids, with the exception of sturgeon, remains open in all waters including the Willamette for all normally legal angling hours. This new regulation only effects angling for Trout, Steelhead, Salmon and Sturgeon.

I am posting the ODFW press release below and highlighting in bold some of the things overlooked by the news folks. Maybe not  as entertaining as freshly minted baby otters, but it's news you can use. 


Taken from ODFWs press release...


Thursday, July 16, 2015

SALEM, Ore. – The Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife has curtailed fishing hours on most of Oregon’s rivers to avoid additional stress on native fish already suffering from high water temperatures and low stream flows from this year’s drought.

Effective Saturday, July 18, and until further notice, all waterbodies defined as streams in the 2015 Oregon Sportfishing Regulations are closed above tidewater (where applicable) to fishing for trout, salmon, steelhead and sturgeon from 2 p.m. to one hour before sunrise.

Angling for these species will be prohibited at all times in the Willamette River downstream of Willamette Falls, including the Clackamas River up to the Interstate 205 Bridge, the Multnomah Channel and the Gilbert River. The following sections of the John Day River will also have complete closures: The mainstem of the John Day River above Indian Creek near Prairie City; the Middle Fork of the John Day River above Mosquito Creek near the town of Galena; the North Fork of the John Day River above Desolation Creek and Desolation Creek.

Some streams will remain open for angling under normal hours because they are less prone to high water temperature risks due to springs, tides, cold water releases from some dams and high elevations.

Streams that will remain open for angling under normal hours are:

Northeast Zone:
The Wallowa River above Sunrise Road; Lostine River above Pole Bridge Campground; Prairie Creek; Hurricane Creek; Spring Creek; and all streams within the Eagle Cap Wilderness Area.


Southeast Zone:
The Malheur River and its tributaries; the Owyhee River below the Owyhee Reservoir; and the Blitzen River and its tributaries above Page Springs Weir and Bridge Creek.
The Klamath River and its tributaries.


Central Zone:
The Deschutes River above Macks Canyon; the Metolius River; the Fall River; the Crooked River (from mouth to Bowman Dam); and Tumalo Creek.
The Hood River and its tributaries and the White River and its tributaries.


Willamette Zone:
The McKenzie River and its tributaries; the Middle Fork of the Willamette River below Dexter Dam; the Middle Fork of the Willamette River and its tributaries above Lookout Point Reservoir; and Alton Baker Canoe Canal.
The mainstem of the South Santiam River below Foster Dam; Quartzville Creek; the North Santiam River above Detroit Lake; and the Breitenbush River.


Southwest Zone:
The mainstem Rogue River from Fishers Ferry upstream to William Jess Dam and all tributaries upstream of the William Jess Dam and Lost Creek Reservoir.

Angling in the mainstem Columbia River and mainstem Snake River is not affected by today’s action, and angling hours in these areas will remain under normal regulations at this time. However, a Columbia River Compact/Joint State hearing is scheduled for 2:00 p.m. on Thursday, July 16 via teleconference to discuss curtailment of recreational catch-and-release sturgeon fishing upstream of Bonneville Dam on the Columbia River.

“Earlier this month, we indicated that if these drought conditions continued, we may have to close or restrict some fisheries,” said Mike Gauvin, ODFW’s recreation fisheries manager. “These are difficult, but necessary actions to protect native fish already suffering from extreme drought conditions.”

“This doesn’t mean that all fishing has to stop.” According to Gauvin, most streams will still be open in the early hours when water temperatures are cool, and there are many great fishing opportunities in lakes, reservoirs for hatchery stocked rainbow trout, warmwater fish like, smallmouth bass or crappie, as well as all of the ocean fisheries.

“As extreme weather events become more frequent due to climate change, we need to be prepared for the stress these conditions will have on fish, wildlife and their habitats,” Ed Bowles, Fish Division Administrator said. “Planning for the effects of these changing climatic conditions presents a unique challenge for us, yet we are committed to doing our best to enhance resiliency to climate change and avoid significant impacts on our natural resources.”

ODFW already implemented emergency regulations on several other rivers. In addition, trout stocking schedules and locations have been adjusted and some hatchery fish have been released early as a result of high water temperatures. Elevated water temperatures have led to salmon, steelhead, and sturgeon deaths in several rivers.
Gauvin encourages the public to report sightings of stranded fish, or other wildlife distressed by drought, to the department and to take precautions when fishing during these drought conditions.

On days when temperatures soar, anglers can do their part to reduce the stress on fish by adopting the following measures:

Fish early in day when water temperatures are cooler.
Use a thermometer to check water temperatures frequently. Stop fishing when temperatures exceed 70 degrees.
Consider changing locations to high elevation lakes or shaded streams near headwaters. These places are often cooler.
Use barbless hooks so you can release fish easily without harming them.
Use the appropriate gear and land fish quickly. The longer the fight, the less likely the fish will survive.
Keep the fish in the water when you unhook it and cradle the fish upright until it revives enough to swim away.
Use your judgement. If conditions where you want to fish seem especially severe (low, hot water), consider fishing somewhere else where water conditions are better.
Check the regulation update pages on the ODFW website before you head out to make sure temporary emergency regulations have not been put in place for the waters you want to fish.
Gauvin recommends anglers check the weekly Recreation Report on the ODFW website for updates on stocking, water conditions and boating access.


END OF RELEASE
 

When is hot, too hot?

Joel La Follette - Thursday, July 09, 2015
The thermometer is your friend. No, not that vintage Hire’s Rootbeer model you have nailed to the garage that has been stuck in the 90s for a few weeks. I’m talking about that handy little stream thermometer that you carry with you, but never use. You really should get to know it better. It could be a life saver, for fish anyway.

With hot being the word of the month I thought perhaps I should share a little insight from my group of friends and water whisperers on the subject of water temps and fish. Unless you’ve been living in a cave in Nova Scotia you probably realize we have a serious low water problem with our rivers and streams as Santa forgot to deliver our snow pack. Temperatures are climbing as sunbaked watersheds trickle to the sea. Migratory runs are slowed by thermo blocks and local salmonids are just plain grumpy. This issue has reached a critical level across the state and I would be remiss if I didn’t do my part to educate and inform.

In putting together this simple guide to safe warm water fishing practices my goal is to inform you as to how and where you can find waters that still provide water cool enough for angling, without harming the population of finned residents. Note that conditions do change and it is possible to see a very rapid cooling or warming of a particular stream dependent on the factors that influence that watershed.

First we'll start with the basics. For salmonids to survive a return home, water temperatures need to remain below 68 degrees fahrenheit . This number, from my brief research, will allow upstream migration of anadromous salmonids ( Chinook, Steelhead) that are genetically prepared to survive warmer flows. Some salmonids ( like sockeye) are not as robust and will not do as well in these conditions. It is very important to note that the survival of all of this fish at this temperature is dependent on the lack of outside stresses. Meaning simply, not fighting for their lives on a end of a line or being chased by a predator. To recap, fish can survive 68 degree water, but only if we leave them alone. Water temps over 70 can be lethal and over 80 terminal. The die-off we’re seeing in the Willamette is a sample of temps in the terminal range.

As I said earlier, conditions do change and as summer gives way to fall our days shorten up, while our nights grow longer. Longer nights allow for more overnight cooling providing much better fishing conditions in the early hours of day. For summer Steelhead that “happy place” is between 50 and 60 degrees. Many of the anglers I contacted about this article pull the plug on any interaction with Steelhead at 65 and even then take great care to land and release in a timely manner with no removal of the fish from the water at all.

Trout have a similar set of numbers dialed into their thermostat that make them happy and willing to participant in our angling efforts. 50-63 degrees seems to be the sweet spot as observed by my good friend and Trout guru, Brian Silvey. While temps below 40 and above 70 are not conducive to successful Trout fishing, fishing in those warmer temps put fish in danger of not surviving an encounter. If the water’s warm, do no harm.

Now, all of this doom and gloom does not mean you have to hang up  your fishing kit and go swing golf sticks. Not at all. What it does mean is that we all need to be aware of the conditions and adapt. Here are 10 tips to get you through the summer heat.

1. Carry a thermometer and use it. Knowing the water temp will add to your success and save fish.

2. Fish early in the day when the water is cooler and take the afternoon off if temps break into the danger zone over 65 degrees.

3. Fish higher up in the watershed. Rivers and streams warm up as they flow to the sea. Well forested rivers stay cooler than waters flowing through an open landscape. Explore new water.

4.Tailwater fisheries provide cooler water conditions as you move closer to the dams that create them.

5. Try lake fishing. Many of our Cascade lakes stay much cooler in the summer months as they are spring fed.

6. Explore the coastal waters off beaches and jetties, or visit Puget Sound.

7. Utilize the USGS website to track flows and temps.

8. Maybe succumb to the carp and bass craze.

9. Have fun and learn something new this summer.

10. Share this information with others


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